Root Canal Treatment (Endodontics)

What is Root Canal Treatment (Endodontics)?

Endodontic treatment is a procedure to treat infection or inflammation of the soft tissue (pulp) inside the tooth. This treatment allows dentists to relieve pain and maintain tooth function while preserving the natural structure of the tooth.

What are the Treatment Steps?

  1. Examination and Diagnosis: Endodontic treatment begins with an examination, usually starting with symptoms such as toothache, sensitivity, swelling of the tooth or signs of infection. The dentist will assess the symptoms and, if necessary, take x-rays to examine the internal structure of the tooth. This assessment evaluates the condition of the tooth and determines the appropriate treatment plan.

  2. Anesthesia: Before the treatment begins, the patient is relaxed by numbing the area. Local anesthesia is usually used and the patient does not feel pain during the treatment.

  3. Access to the Tooth: The dentist opens the top of the tooth to gain access to the pulp chamber. This is done by using special drills on the tooth. Careful and precise work is done to access the inside of the tooth.

  4. Pulp Cleaning and Shaping: The dentist removes infected or inflamed tissues from the pulp chamber and shapes the inside of the tooth. In this step, the root canals are cleaned and shaped using special endodontic files. This step ensures that the infection is controlled and the inside of the tooth is prepared.

  5. Flushing and Disinfection of Root Canals: The root canals are washed with special solutions to remove the infection and disinfect the root canals. This step ensures that the infection is completely removed from the inside of the tooth.

  6. Filling of Root Canals: The cleaned and disinfected root canals are filled with special filling materials. These filling materials prevent the infection from returning by blocking the root canals and protect the inside of the tooth.

  7. Temporary Filling: After the root canals are filled, a filling is applied to temporarily cover the tooth. This temporary filling provides temporary protection for the tooth to complete the healing process.

  8. Permanent Restoration: After treatment is completed, the tooth may need to be permanently restored. This is done to ensure the structural integrity of the tooth and improve its aesthetic appearance. Permanent restoration can be accomplished through various methods, such as a filling, a crown or a bridge.

Endodontic treatment is an effective way to control infection or inflammation on the inside of the tooth. After successful treatment, it may be possible to maintain the normal function of the tooth for many years. However, regular dental check-ups after treatment are important so that it is possible to monitor the success of the treatment and detect any complications in time.

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