Apical Resection (Resection of the Root Tip)

What is Apical Resection (Resection of the Root Tip)?

Apical resection is the surgical removal of the root tip of the tooth. This procedure is performed when an infection or inflammation in the interior of the tooth (pulp) has accumulated at the root tip (apical area). Infections at the root tip are usually associated with the root canal inside the tooth and may be required in cases where endodontic treatment (root canal treatment) has failed or failed.

The apical resection procedure usually involves the following steps:

  1. Anesthesia: The procedure is usually performed under local anesthesia so that the patient does not feel pain. Rarely, sedation or general anesthesia may be used to ensure comfort during the procedure.

  2. Surgical Access: Before the procedure begins, an incision is made on the gum and access is gained to the root end of the tooth. This is done to protect the tissues around the tooth and to allow access to the area affected by the infection.

  3. Root Tip Removal: Infected or inflamed tissues at the root end of the tooth are carefully removed with surgical instruments. This procedure ensures that the infection is completely removed and the healthy tissues around the tooth are preserved.

  4. Root Adhesive and Filling: Once the infection at the root tip has been cleaned, a filling material is applied to the root tip and then the gum is closed with sutures. The filling at the root tip is an access point to the root canal of the tooth and helps prevent the infection from occurring again.

  5. Recovery: The recovery process may vary depending on the complexity of the surgical procedure and the patient’s general state of health. During the healing process, the patient may need to use prescription or over-the-counter painkillers to relieve pain. It is also important that the patient brushes his or her teeth according to the dentist’s instructions and pays attention to oral hygiene.

Apical resection allows infection and inflammation at the root tip of the tooth to be controlled. This procedure can help to preserve the tooth and reduce pain. However, as with any surgical procedure, apical resection has risks and complications. Therefore, you should talk to your dentist in detail to make an informed decision about the procedure.

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