What is Orthodontics (Treatment of Crooked Teeth)?

Orthodontics is a specialty of dentistry that deals with the correction of the teeth and jaw structure and ensuring a harmonious oral structure. Its main aim is to improve aesthetic appearance by ensuring correct tooth position, optimize chewing function and maintain overall oral health. However, various abnormalities in the mouth that are not corrected during orthodontic treatment can also be treated, which has positive effects on the patient’s overall health.

Orthodontic treatment is generally used to correct crowded teeth, harmonize jaw structures and restore proper bite relationships. These treatments can be performed with various methods depending on the patient’s age, condition of the teeth and jaw structure, treatment goals and preferences. Here are some commonly used treatment methods in the field of orthodontics:

  1. Braces: Made of metal, ceramic or transparent material, brackets are bonded to the surfaces of the teeth and used in conjunction with wires. The brackets combine with wires and springs to control the movement of the teeth and guide the straightening process.

  2. Transparent Aligners: Clear aligners are a specially customized set of aligners that are worn over the teeth. The aligners are changed at regular intervals to ensure that the teeth move into the desired position over time.

  3. Invisalign: Invisalign is a transparent and removable brace system. The movement of the teeth is achieved using specially customized, clear aligners. Invisalign is popular because it is aesthetically less obvious and removable.

  4. Orthodontic Appliances: There are a variety of fixed or removable appliances used to straighten teeth and jaws. These appliances can be used to guide jaw development, especially in children and young people.

The orthodontic treatment process can usually last from a few months to several years and may require regular check-ups. The duration of the treatment varies depending on the problem that needs treatment and the experience of the person performing the treatment. Orthodontic treatment is important not only for aesthetic purposes, but also for dental health and jaw function. Therefore, it is important to consult a dentist or orthodontist about whether orthodontic treatment should be initiated or performed.

In Which Cases Orthodontic Treatment is Required?

  1. Tooth Crowding: Orthodontic treatment may be required if the teeth are crowded or crookedly aligned. This requires treatment to straighten the teeth and ensure proper alignment.

  2. Jaw Fit Problems: Incompatibilities between the upper and lower jaws, especially conditions known as bite problems (malocclusion), may require orthodontic treatment. These conditions may require orthodontic appliances or surgical interventions to harmonize the jaw structures.

  3. Excessive Tooth Gaps: Excessive gaps between teeth can cause aesthetic concerns and prevent the teeth from biting properly. In this case, orthodontic treatment may be required to align the teeth and create a proper spacing.

  4. Tooth Deficiencies: Missing teeth can cause crowding of the teeth and change the jaw structure. Treatment for missing teeth may include orthodontic treatment with dentures or implants.

  5. Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Problems: Temporomandibular joint disorders can cause symptoms such as pain, locking or crunching in jaw movements. These conditions may require orthodontic treatment to ensure that the jaw structures are harmonized.

  6. Aesthetic Reasons: In some cases, orthodontic treatment is desired due to aesthetic concerns or dissatisfaction with one’s smile. In this case, orthodontic treatment can be applied to align the teeth and improve the smile aesthetically.

It is important to consult a dentist or orthodontist to make the most accurate assessment of whether orthodontic treatment is needed. By assessing the individual’s oral structure and needs, the specialist can determine the appropriate treatment plan.

What are the Causes of Orthodontic Problems?

Orthodontic problems can have many different causes. Some are based on genetic factors, while others may be related to environmental factors or habits. Here are some of the common causes of orthodontic problems:

  1. Genetic Factors: Genetics is an important factor affecting tooth structure and jaw structure. A family history of orthodontic problems may increase the likelihood of similar problems in the individual.

  2. Jaw Development Problems: Abnormalities or disorders in jaw development in the prenatal and postnatal period can prevent the teeth from settling properly.

  3. Early Loss or Late Loss of Milk Teeth: Early loss or late loss of deciduous teeth can prevent permanent teeth from erupting in the correct position and cause crowding.

  4. Oral Habits: Habits such as thumb sucking, pacifier use and nail biting can affect jaw development in children and lead to orthodontic problems.

  5. Jaw Injuries: Jaw injuries can affect the position of the jaw bones and teeth and cause orthodontic problems.

  6. Tooth Deficiencies: Missing teeth can cause crowding of the teeth and change the jaw structure.

  7. Excessive Breathing Problems: Breathing through the mouth due to nasal congestion or other breathing problems can lead to changes in jaw and facial structure and orthodontic problems.

  8. Poor Oral Hygiene: Poor oral hygiene can lead to tooth decay, gum disease and deterioration of the jaw structure, which can lead to orthodontic problems.

Any one or a combination of these factors can contribute to the occurrence of orthodontic problems. A specialist dentist or orthodontist can assess the individual’s condition to determine the appropriate treatment plan and help identify the causes of orthodontic problems.

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