It is the science that deals with the proper alignment of the perplexed teeth on the jawbone, the relationship between the lower and upper jaw and the jaw-face relationship.
Orthodontic treatment improves the quality of life of the individual as it brings teeth and jaws closer to the ideal in terms of aesthetics and function. Since perplexed teeth cannot be cleaned well, decay and gum diseases are more common and, accordingly, tooth loss is higher. For this reason, orthodontic treatment is very important for the maintenance of general oral health at any age.
IN WHICH SITUATIONS ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT IS REQUIRED?
In crooked teeth,
Those who breathe through the mouth,
Those who have the habit of finger sucking,
In front or rear positioned jaws,
Those with chewing and speaking disorders,
In the presence of lower and upper jaw teeth that do not touch each other.
WHAT CAUSES ORTHODONTIC PROBLEMS?
In the family, general jaw stenosis or width, size or smallness of teeth, eruption disorders are the factors.
Habits (tongue, finger, pencil and lip sucking)
Birth or later in the developing ear, nose and throat problems,
nasal meat deviation,
etc. in the nose.
In some cases, it may not be enough to physically move the teeth and jaws. In these cases, surgical intervention is required to correct the jaw and facial relations.
This is called orthodontic surgery.