Gum Diseases

What are Gum Diseases?

Gum diseases refer to conditions in which the gums and surrounding tissues are infected or inflamed. These diseases can occur in various forms, such as gingivitis (gingivitis) or the more serious condition periodontitis. Here are some important types of gum disease:

  1. Gingivitis: Gingivitis is a mild inflammation of the gums. It is usually caused by a build-up of dental plaque and poor dental hygiene. Dental plaque is a sticky layer where bacteria accumulate and irritate the gums. Gingivitis can manifest itself with symptoms such as redness, swelling, tenderness and bleeding of the gums. Gingivitis can usually be treated before it progresses to gum recession or more serious gum disease such as periodontitis.

  2. Periodontitis: Occurs when gingivitis progresses. Dental plaque moves below the gum line and destroys the gums and surrounding tissues. In this case, the gums recede further, the teeth become loose and may even disappear. When left untreated, periodontitis can lead to tooth loss and have negative effects on overall health. Research shows that periodontitis can be associated with heart disease, diabetes and other systemic diseases.

  3. Gingival Hypertrophy or Hyperplasia: Gingival hypertrophy or hyperplasia is a condition in which the gums grow abnormally large. It can often occur as a side effect of certain medications (for example, anticonvulsants or immunosuppressants) or as a symptom of systemic diseases (for example, leukemia or Crohn’s disease). This condition can interfere with the normal function of the gums, make brushing or flossing difficult and can be aesthetically unpleasant.

  4. Peri-implantitis: This is inflammation and bone loss in the gums around dental implants. It can occur as a result of neglected care or improper placement of dental implants. Peri-implantitis can cause the implant to fail or be lost. Good oral hygiene is important for implants to be successful.

    Gum diseases are often influenced by various risk factors such as poor dental hygiene, smoking, genetic factors, hormonal changes, stress, poor eating habits and certain medications. Early diagnosis and treatment are important, because in advanced cases they can lead to tooth loss and other serious health problems. Professional teeth cleaning, dental check-ups and regular dental hygiene habits play an important role in preventing gum disease.

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